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《生活方式医学》之肿瘤篇---先了解“结语”

朗天-碧海 发布日期:2017-09-17 共129人围观

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《生活方式医学》翻译参考按计划将公共部分篇章结束后,将把相关重点疾病病种先译为快,为的是与目前迈康医学研究院的理论研发、临床实践同步,提供参考、佐证及支持。先看“癌症”一章的结语。

Conclusion结语

Current research will bring more attention to cancer prevention and lifestyle factors that contribute to cancer development (see Fig. 24.1). Biomarkers—that is, genetic and molecular characteristics—are being identified that will indicate with greater precision the risk of various diseases and molecular pathways contributing to these risks. Furthermore, knowledge of genetic associations with risk-conferring lifestyles will inform the targeting of interventions intended to alter detrimental behaviors and/or their carcinogenic outcomes to appropriate individuals—a form of “precision” medicine. A deeper understanding of dietary mechanisms will contribute to this knowledge. Thus, in the future, people in their 30s or 40s, or even younger, will learn about their risks for developing common and rare diseases and potential lifestyle factors contributing to their risk. These scientific developments will lead to increased attention to cancer-preventive strategies involving eating patterns, PA, alcohol limitations, and tobacco avoidance.

          目前的研究将更多地关注导致癌症发展的癌症预防和生活方式因素(见图24.1)。生物标志物,即遗传和分子特征正在被识别,将更精确地指出各种疾病的风险和促成这些风险的分子途径。此外,了解与风险相关的生活方式的遗传关联的知识,将有助于将旨在将改变有害的行为和/或致癌的结果转化为适当的个人干预措施作为目标---“精准”医疗的一种形式。深入了解饮食机制将有助于这方面的知识。因此,在未来,30多岁或40多岁的人,甚至更年轻的人,将了解他们的风险的通常的发展和罕见病及潜在的生活方式因素对他们的风险。这些科学的发展将使人们更加关注癌症预防策略,包括饮食模式、体力活动、酒精限制和避免烟草。

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